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Cook Books by Janet Jarvits, Bookseller

JOY OF COOKING
A listing of the American editions

Janet Jarvits holding a signed copy of Joy of Cooking

Note: This listing represents all the information I have been able to assemble regarding American editions of the JOY OF COOKING. I hope to add to it in the future. If you have any information to contribute, especially about different states or printings of JOY, please do not hesitate to contact me.

1931
[November 30]
First Edition
THE JOY OF COOKING: A COMPILATION OF RELIABLE RECIPES WITH A CASUAL CULINARY CHAT. A.C. Clayton [Self-published]: St. Louis.
1st JOY Author: Irma Rombauer
Supporting Cast: Mazie Whyte, Marion Rombauer
Illustrator: Marion Rombauer
Pages: 396
Copies published: 3,000
Copies sold: Eventually all 3,000 copies were sold.
Overview: Irma Rombauer first published THE JOY OF COOKING in 1936, for an initial investment of $3,000; with A.C. Clayton (a company which had never published a book before but printed labels for fancy St. Louis shoe companies and for Listerine).

She included casual culinary chat with recipes (narrated paragraphs including ingredients and instructions intermingled) in a book designed and illustrated by her daughter, Marion Rombauer. The mix of these elements stirred the beginnings of a loyal readership and represented a split from the domestic science/home economist cooking tradition. Irma Rombauer's emphasis was on fun and flavor for the average cook.

Note: A Facsimile reprint of this edition, with a new foreword by Edgar Rombauer was done in 1998. Click here for specific information.

1936
[May 1]
First Trade Edition
First Revision
THE JOY OF COOKING: A COMPILATION OF RELIABLE RECIPES WITH A CASUAL CULINARY CHAT. Bobbs-Merrill Company: Indianapolis and New York.
1st Printing of 1936 Edition

3rd Printing of 1936 Edition

Author: Irma Rombauer
Supporting Cast: Mazie Whyte Hartrich, Marion Rombauer Becker
Illustrator: Marion Rombauer Becker
Pages: 640
Copies published: 1936: 1st printing- 10,000. Yellow cover with orange diagonal basket weave.
1938: 2nd printing- 10,000. Blue & white cover with diagonal basket weave.
1939: 3rd printing- 10,000. Dark blue cover with blue & white diagonal basket weave beige cover in a molted pattern.
1940: 4th printing- 10,000. Yellow cover with orange diagonal basket weave, finer mesh.
1941: 5th printing: 10,000-(projection).
6th printing: 10,000-(projection). Yellow cover with orange diagonal basket weave.
(The cover distinctions are the ones that have been observed. It is possible that there MAY be multiple types of covers for the same printing.)
Copies sold: 1936-1942(end of) 52,151.
Overview: The first trade edition of JOY pioneered a new recipe format: First, a chronological listing of ingredients and then instruction for preparation [what we now know as "action format"]. Unfortunately, Irma signed a contract with Bobbs-Merrill which assigned the copyright of both the 1931 and 1936 editions to Bobbs-Merrill.

1943
[June 7]
Second Revision
THE JOY OF COOKING: A COMPILATION OF RELIABLE RECIPES WITH AN OCCASIONAL CULINARY CHAT. Bobbs-Merrill Company: Indianapolis and New York.
1943 Blakiston edition with dust jacket
   
1943 Blakiston edition without dust jacket
   
Streamlined Cooking
According to Anne Mendelson's STAND FACING THE STOVE, due to World War II paper quotas, some printings of JOY for 1945 and 1946 were done by the Blakiston Company of Philadelphia (subsidiary of Doubleday).

It would appear that any printings done by Blakiston in 1946 would have the 1943 copyright, as I have observed only 1943 editions with the Blakiston imprint. The Blakiston printings do not say "Bobbs-Merrill" on the spine.
     Spine of 1943 Blakiston edition

Author: Irma Rombauer
Supporting Cast: Mazie Whyte Hartrich, Marion Rombauer Becker
Illustrator: Marion Rombauer Becker
Pages: 884 (About 3,350 recipes)
Copies published: Information about print runs not located.
Copies sold: In 1944 167,261 copies were sold. 1945 94,693. 1946 294,400.
Overview: Irma added a number of "quick cooking" recipes to Joy [mostly taken from her 1939 book: STREAMLINED COOKING]. The relationship with her readership is now concretely stated in the foreword as "a close kinship with many thousands of persons."
Trivia: Julia Child's first cookbook was the 1943 JOY.

1946
[February 5]
THE JOY OF COOKING: A COMPILATION OF RELIABLE RECIPES WITH AN OCCASIONAL CULINARY CHAT. Bobbs-Merrill Company: Indianapolis and New York.
1946 edition with dust jacket [Reprint of 1943 edition- printed from the same plates, with World War II rationing information deleted and replaced with more info from STREAMLINED COOKING in a forty page stretch at the end of the book and subsequent changes in the index.]

Copies published/sold: Information not located.

1946 edition without dust jacket

1951
[July 16]
Third Revision
THE JOY OF COOKING. (NEW appears on the dust-jacket but not on the title page.) Bobbs-Merrill Company: Indianapolis and New York.

Authors: Irma Rombauer and Marion Rombauer Becker
Supporting Cast: Mazie Whyte Hartrich, Jane Torno
Illustrator: Ginnie Hofmann
Pages: 1,021
Copies published: 1st printing- 100,000.
2nd printing- ?
Copies sold: Information not located.
Overview: Marion Rombauer Becker becomes more intricately involved with the affairs and working of JOY as Irma's health declines. Marion's interest in gardening and various health food/whole-grain food philosophies make for a sort of schizophrenic quality to the 1951 edition. Marion/Irma see the index as deficient.

1952
[April 28]
THE JOY OF COOKING. (NEW appears on dust-jacket but not on the title page.) Bobbs-Merrill Company: Indianapolis and New York.
1952 edition with dust jacket [Reprint of 1951 edition with a few corrections to text and index.]

Pages: 1023
Copies published: Information not located.
Copies sold: 1952 201,394.

1952 edition without dust jacket

1953
[April 20]
THE JOY OF COOKING. (NEW appears on dust-jacket but not on the title page.) Bobbs-Merrill Company: Indianapolis and New York.
1953 edition with dust jacket [Reprint of 1951 edition with a new index.]

Copies published/sold: Information not located.
Overview: The new index enhanced the serviceability of the book, although not perfecting it; owing to space limitations imposed by the publisher.

1953 edition without dust jacket

1962
[Mid-October]
Fourth Revision
JOY OF COOKING. Bobbs-Merrill Company: Indianapolis and New York.
1962 edition with dust jacket Authors: Irma Rombauer and Marion Rombauer Becker
Supporting Cast: John Becker, Mazie Whtye Hartrich (early stages), Jane Brueggeman, Odessa Whitehead, Isabel Coleman, Alice Richardson (Bobbs-Merrill's transcriber of the cards which the first draft had been written on, etc)
Illustrators: Ginnie Hofmann and Beverly Warner
Pages: 864
Copies published: 1962: 1st printing- 150,000.
2nd printing- 50,000 (with a few corrections by Marion, but with hundreds of remaining errors).
Copies sold: 1962 91,010.
Overview: This edition marks the transition of JOY towards an all-encompassing manual of cooking. Bobbs-Merrill Company published the edition without a contract (hence, it is usually referred to as the "un-authorized edition").

Marion first heard the edition was "in stores" from someone attending her mother, Irma Rombauer's wake. Because Bobbs-Merrill instructed Alice Richardson, "to edit the Becker's edited galleys, but the Beckers are not to know about this," the book published in 1962 was a much mangled version of what Marion had intended.

Although Marion did not acknowledge the event publicly, she would disavow the 1962 and replace it with a corrected copy when faced with a friend or acquaintance who owned the 1962 edition. Although interesting from a collector's standpoint, this is not a user-friendly edition and contains many types of errors.

1963
[release date?]
JOY OF COOKING. Bobbs-Merrill Company: Indianapolis and New York.
1963 edition with dust jacket [Technically not a new edition, but published with so many corrections by Marion that the type had to be reset. Bobbs-Merrill calls this a reprint of the 1962 edition.]

Pages: 859
Copies published: Information not located.
Copies sold: 1963 109,984.

1964
[release date?]
JOY OF COOKING. Bobbs-Merrill Company [Reprint of 1963 edition].
1964 edition with dust jacket Pages: 861
Copies published: Information not located.
Copies sold: 1963 145,630.
Overview: The corrections much improved this version, despite the publisher-imposed page limit which dictated some cropping/reworking of what Marion had in mind.
Note: The 1963/1964 edition, as a paperback by New American Library, published in various one- or two- volume formats. (NAL paid $1.5 million for the paperback rights in 1973, and $2.5 million in 1982.)

1975
[September 15]
Fifth Revision
JOY OF COOKING. Bobbs-Merrill Company: Indianapolis and New York.
  1975 edition with dust jacket Authors: Irma Rombauer and Marion Rombauer Becker
Supporting Cast: John Becker, Jane Brueggeman, Nancy Swats, Judy Israel, Mark Becker(token?), Ethan and Joan Becker
Illustrators: Ikki Matsumoto and Ginnie Hofmann
Pages: 915
Copies published: 1st printing 150,000 copies.
2nd printing 150,000 copies.
Six printings in the first year of publication.
Information about additional printings not located (the book remained in print until it was replaced with a new edition in 1997).
Copies sold: 1975 236,443. 1976 334,483.
Overview: Due to a turn-around in author/publisher relations, personified by Leo Gobin, the 1975 Joy achieved Marion's aims more fully than any of the previous editions she had worked on. It remained in print until it was replaced by the 1997 edition, a monument to her far-reaching vision and the durability of the text.

1997
[November 5]
Sixth Revision
ALL NEW ALL PURPOSE JOY OF COOKING. Scribner: New York.
Authors: Irma Rombauer, Marion Rombauer Becker and Ethan Becker
Illustrator: Laura Hartman Maestro
Pages: 1,152
Copies published/sold: Information not located.
Overview: Co-authored by Ethan Becker, grandson of Irma and son of Marion, and also a graduate of Le Cordon Bleu (Paris). Ethan Becker and his wife, Susan, live at Cockaigne (married home of Marion and John Becker and used as an adjective in JOY to designate favorite family recipes). The emphasis is on "freshness, convenience and health," and the book includes more thorough descriptions of ingredients (as well as a wider variety). For instance the book contains a section about chili peppers.

1998
[April 29]
A FACSIMILE OF THE FIRST EDITION. THE JOY OF COOKING. Scribner: New York.
Facsimile of first edition [Facsimile reprint of the first edition, With a foreword by Edgar Rombauer.]

Author: Irma Rombauer
Illustrator: Marion Rombauer
Pages: 441
Copies published/sold: Information not located.

2006
[October 31]
Ninth Revision
THE JOY OF COOKING: 75th Anniversary (edition). Scribner: New York.
2006 edition Authors: Irma S. Rombauer, Marion Rombauer Becker, Ethan Becker
Supporting cast:

Family - Ethan's wife (Susan, writing and editing), Elsa (Irma's niece) and Jack Hunstein and children
Scribner - Maggie Green (a primary editor of Joy ), Beth Wareham (director of Lifestyle Publications at Scribner)
Experts - Arch and Shirley Corriher (Cookwise), Anne Mendelsohn (Stand Facing The Stove: The Story of the Women who gave America the Joy Of Cooking), Ikki and Polly Matsumoto (Ikki's illustrations appeared in 1975 Joy), John Norton (picked up illustration where Ikki left off), Rebecca Gray (author of Eat Like a Wildman), Susan Gold Purdy (author As Easy As Pie among others), Gil Frishman (sproutpeople.com), William Rubel (author of The Magic of Fire), Elizabeth Andreas (director of The National Center for Food Preservation), Dr. Walter Willett (Eat, Drink, and Be Healthy), et al
Illustrator: John Norton
Pages: 1152
Copies published/sold: Information not located.
Overview: Based on the 1975 edition and published in celebration of the 75th anniversary of the first appearance of Irma Rombauer's Joy of Cooking.]
Know Your Ingredients resurrected. Teaching text restored, expanded, and revised.
As Julia Child put it, "Thanks for putting the joy back in JOY."

Since the first edition in 1931, more than 18 million copies of Joy have been sold.

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